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MAY

May is a modal verb which has different uses in English grammar like when ever we are not sure about something or we express possibility so we use May. It's also used for polite request or permission, and also use for expressing a wish, and use for future prediction etc.

May + Verb

1st

Use of May.

Formula: Subject + May + Verb 1st(form) + Object
  • Ali may be in his office. -Possibility
  • May you live long. -Expressing a wish
  • May I come in? -polite Permission
Formula: Subject + May + Verb 1st(form) + Object

More Examples

Here are some more examples of Modal Verb May.

For Polite Request / Permission

  • May I join you?
  • May I use your laptop?
  • May I go outside?

For Possibility

  • He may be in his office.
  • It may rain today.
  • Alina may get good marks.

For Wishes

  • May you live long.
  • May you live happily.
  • May he get well soon.

For Prediction

  • I may go Germany.
  • It may rain today.
  • She may get the first position.

For Possibility (Running Action)

  • He may be sleeping right now.
  • Ali may be driving right now.
  • Students may be taking a class.

Others Sentences

We can make negative sentences easily by putting Not after the main modal verb.

  • Negative: Ali may not be in his office.
  • Interrogative: May Ali be in his office?
  • Neg.Interrogative: May Ali not be in his office?

MAY HAVE

The Use of May have has the same sense which the modal verb May gives but we use it for Past Sentences.

May Have + Verb

3rd

We use it for 50% chances for the Past.

Formula: Subject + May Have + Verb 3rd(form) + Object
  • He may have gone school.
  • They may have given money.
  • Ali may have played well.
Formula: Subject + May Have + Verb 3rd(form) + Object

More Examples

Here are some more examples of Modal Verb May have.

Examples

  • He may have given a presentation.
  • Ali may have purchased car.
  • Alina may have cooked biryani.
  • They may have played cricket.

  • He may not have given a presentation.
  • Alina may not have cooked biryani.

  • May he have given a presentation?
  • May Alina have cooked biryani?

  • May he not have given a presentation?
  • May Alina not have cooked biryani?